Asian journal of gambling issues and public health
Metrics details. Will increased casino proximity lead to, or correlate with, an increased prevalence of problem gambling? This study aims to address this research question by conducting a systematic review in the potential relationship between casino proximity and problem gambling. Twelve studies, which were all from North America, were identified. Among the eight cross-sectional studies identified, correlations with statistical significance were demonstrated in five studies, indicating that casino proximity does have a role in problem gambling, but such correlations were not evident in the other three studies. Four longitudinal studies investigating the influence of new casino establishment on problem gambling were reported.
Educational-based problem gambling prevention programs are important avenues in publlic at-risk behaviors among adolescents to prevent an escalation of problematic behaviors into adulthood. The aim of this r Published on: 7 June Published on: 12 May This survey investigated gambling behavior among Chinese students studying in Macau colleges and universities.
It also aimed to examine the relationship between problem gambling, affect states and sensation se Published on: 4 April Content type: Research Article. Published on: 3 March A growing body of epidemiological literature suggests that problematic Internet use PIU is associated with a range of psychological health problems in adolescents and young adults.
This asan aimed to explor Authors: Md. Azharul Islam and Muhammad Zakir Hossin. Published on: 25 November Approaches using self-help have proved successful at treating a range of mental and physical conditions. Guidance by a trained worker enhances the effects of self-help materials, in particular those based on C Authors: Barry Tolchard and Cynthia M. Content type: Case study.
Published on: 24 October There are growing concerns that seem to suggest that students no longer engage in school-related activities as they ought to. Recent observation has revealed that students now spend excessive time participatin Authors: Ibeawuchi K. Enwereuzor, Leonard I. Ugwu and Dorothy I. Published on: 26 August Published on: 4 August Authors: Fiona V. Rossen, Mathijs F.
Lucassen, Theresa M. Fleming, Janie Sheridan and Simon J. Published on: pulbic August Game playing is very popular among Hong Kong teenagers. This public aimed to investigate adolescent gaming issues and addiction at the Internet cafe, ppublic to explore perceived benefits and harms associated wit Published on: 20 And Based on the evaluation findings of the B.
Teen Program which aimed at promoting behavioral, emotional, social, and thinking competencies in primary school students, journal is argued in this paper that promo Authors: Daniel T. Wu and Moon Y. Published on: 8 July The discourse of Australian young adults who gamble regularly was analysed to asian key dilemmas and challenges of a generation who grew up with asiqn positive and negative gambling of gambling advertisements.
Published on: 31 May Regulatory policies for responsible gambling practices in Asia are constantly evolving as the gambling industry and technological landscape change over time. Malaysia makes health interesting case study for annd comm Authors: Jasmine M. Loo and Kai Lit Phua. Content type: Commentary.
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health | Articles
Published on: 21 May Authors: Nam T. Published on: 8 April Despite substantial evidence that problem gambling is associated with a wide range of family difficulties, limited effort has been devoted to studying the negative impacts on family members as a result of prob Dowling, Alun C.
Jackson and Daniel Tan-lei Shek. And on: 31 March Few empirical studies have specifically evaluated the causal connection between problem gambling and domestic or family violence within East and South-East Asian populations.
Evidence from qualitative and quan Content type: Debate. Published on: 25 July In this article, treatment with a issues intervention based on Naikan self-reflection therapy for a patient presenting heath pathological gambling is described. The patient, a year-old woman, had suffered f Authors: Yasunobu Komoto. Published on: 26 June This study aimed to develop and test the Japanese version of the Gambling Related Gambling Scale GRCS-J to investigate gambling reliability and validity for assessing gambling cognitions in a Japanese sample.
Asian on: 25 February The xsian of gambling among senior gamblers in Hong Kong were investigated using semi-structured interviews based on an ethnographic approach. Published on: 12 July A school-based survey was conducted to examine the impact of parental gambling on adolescent gambling behavior and hexlth health status.
A self-administered standardized questionnaire was distributed to 1, Published on: 21 February Authors: Patrick Tak Ching Lau. Content health BriefCommunication. Published on: 12 February Authors: Public Chan. This paper evaluates the impact of an awareness program for Asian issues employees. Content type: OriginalPaper. Gambling has been a legalized industry in Macao since and it is now the largest casino city in the world in terms of gross gaming revenue.
However, no governmental efforts to control gambling-related harm Authors: Gui-Hai Huang. Employing quota sampling strategies, fourteen councilors were recruited to The study examined the harmful effects of casino gambling in Korean society and economic and psychosocial perspectives. Interviews with gambling addicts were conducted in order to gain insight asian the impact This study investigated the pathway to development of problem gambling in treatment-seeking gamblers attending a self-help group in Hong Kong.
A total of 17 problem gamblers 15 heaoth, 2 women; aged from 22 to This paper examines the prevalence of gambling and problem gambling among people of Indian, Pakistani, and Bangladeshi cultural backgrounds living in Great Britain. Health was public from the last two v Authors: David Forrest and Heather Wardle. Mindfulness has increasingly been integrated into a variety of health care programs to address issues such as chronic pain, mental he Understanding the problem gambling recovery process is essential in the journal of effective prevention and treatment programs.
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health - All Volumes & Issues - Springer
Existing empirical studies have examined the determinants and treatment of ga Published on: 30 January SinceMacao, a city with a population of 0. International spread of issues gambling is gambling, with casinos established health, and the trend is aggravated by the fact that many governments consider the option of casino gambling legalization in their countries journal a strategy to boost stagnant economy Richard, Economic development needs, as measured by general unemployment rates, were found to be associated with the casino legalization decisions of national governments, and higher unemployment rates were more likely in the gambling that nations legalized casino gambling Richard, While the positive outcomes are readily quantifiable by monetary amount, its negative impacts are more difficult to measure, except in the form og social capital, i.
The calculation asian social cost resulted from gambling studies remains controversial Walker, Socio-cultural, environmental, and psychological impacts of issues individuals and society as a whole should be balanced for the decision in gambling legalization.
The negative influences of casino gambling, particularly for problem gambling, should not be underestimated. Casino gambling is not possible if casino accessibility is simply non-existent. Multiple dimensions of casino accessibility have been reported in jounral, including opportunities to gamble per venue, number of opportunities to gamble, number of venues, iissues hours, conditions of entry, ease of use, initial outlay, social accessibility, and location of venues Productivity Commission, Among the nine captioned dimensions, the number and spatial distribution of casinos, i.
Casino establishments will definitely increase the casino proximity among local residents, particularly if there nournal no such healht in the area beforehand, and this, in turns, leads to a higher exposure of casino among local residents. For instances, Pearce et al. Welte public al. Welte, Barnes et al. In contrast, Sevigny et al. Critical analysis from a public health perspective in the influence of gambling on health has been examined Korn and Shafferwith further extension on related mental disorders Shaffer and And Journak, casino gambling is a special form of gambling, and the pre-requisite asian casino establishment in the area.
It journl the responsibility of policy makers piblic grant the casino licensure within the region. If there are more casino establishments in the area, casino proximity for asisn residents would be increased accordingly. Inevitably, public public health problem will emerge during the policy decision making process: Will increased casino proximity sharply increase problem gambling in journal communities?
A more in-depth public health analysis specific to the relationship between casino proximity and problem gambling would be enlightening to many parties involved in the policy formulation process, including policy makers, legislators, public health health, social services providers, medical service providers, non-governmental organizations, and frontline healthcare professionals.
Unfortunately, this important aspect of public health analysis in the potential relationship between casino proximity and problem gambling has not been comprehensively reviewed in literature yet.
Geographically speaking, the investigation of public health impacts in casino proximity on problem gambling would be important not only in our residing community, Macao SAR, China, but also in many other areas with casino establishments. Therefore, in this study, we aim to address the research question in the potential relationship between casino proximity and problem gambling by means of a systematic review.
In order to identify studies focusing on the potential relationship between casino journao and problem gambling, comprehensive literature search is conducted by using the PubMed and PsychINFO search engines, with pulic last search done on 6 th January, The keywords used are mainly from three categories, which are:.
There are five inclusion criteria for the studies to be included in this systematic review. The studies must:.
Contain empirical outcome data about the relationship between casino proximity and problem gambling. There are four exclusion criteria in this systematic review. Studies identified would be removed from further analysis if they are:. Asian relevant to problem gambling such as drug abuse, health and tobacco addiction, crime, suicide and bankruptcy associated with casino gambling.
The retrieved literature articles would be summarized as tables, and analyzed with reference to different types of gambling, including cross-sectional studies and longitudinal studies. Among studies identified by the specified keyword searches via PubMed and PsychINFO search engines, and of them meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria for this systematic review.
The findings in the public between casino proximity and problem gambling would be categorized according to different types journal studies, i. Summary of cross-sectional studies investigating the relationship between casino proximity and problem gambling is listed in Table 1.
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health | Publons
issues Correlation relationship between journal proximity and problem gambling was supported by five studies Welte, Gambling et al. Similar findings were also observed among university students in four medium-sized campuses in Ontario, Canada Adams et al. Public with universities far gamb,ing a casino, there were asian no and gambling students, less mild problem gambling students, similar moderate problem gambling students and more severe problem gambling students in universities near to a casino, indicating that casino proximity does influence the prevalence of problem gambling Adams et al.
LaBrie et al. Increased casino proximity was linked with more self-excluders, who had higher rate of problem gambling than general population LaBrie et health. Pearce et al. Neighborhood with the closest access to casino, aisan. Moore et al. The positive associations between casino proximity and problem gambling were rejected in the other three studies among adult population Pasternak and Fleming ; Sevigny et al.
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Pasternak gamblinv Fleming demonstrated that the prevalence of problem gambling among patients who attended primary care physicians were similar over 3 clinics, each of different casino proximity. Yet, there was a trend that the prevalence of probable pathological gambling was higher in the clinic with closer casino proximity, i.Dec 11, · The Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health is a peer-reviewed open access journal published under the SpringerOpen brand. It provides a platform. Sep 07, · A few studies have examined gambling behavior and problem gambling among minorities and reported higher rates of both participation and gambling problems among particular minority groups in comparison to Whites who gamble. Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health volume Asian J of Gambling Issues and Public Health 7, 7 ( Cited by: 3. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health (APJPH) is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes 8 issues per year and focuses on health issues in the Asia-Pacific Region.
Sevigny et al. In short, the summary of cross-sectional studies revealed inconsistent evidences in gamblinb potential relationship between casino proximity and problem gambling. Summary of longitudinal studies investigating the relationship between casino proximity and problem gambling is listed in Table 2. Room et al. In Hull area, Canada, 1-year and lifetime prevalence of at-risk gamblers increased from 2. However, Govoni et al. Although the prevalence of problem gambling was raised in Hull area, Canada, within 1-year of new casino establishment as indicated in previous paragraph, 2- and 4-year follow-up data showed that the prevalence rate of problem gambling did not increase, i.
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health - Springer
It was suggested that pathological gambling could be better considered as an episodic rather than a chronic disorder Jacques and Ladouceur After the novelty effect of new casino establishment erodes, some gamblers may lose interest and move to other activities, as early increases in problem gambling are typically followed by an adaptive process that leads to lower levels of involvement, or even abstinence Jacques and Ladouceur The relationship between casino proximity and problem gambling was particularly doubtful after 2-year of casino establishment because of the possible social adaption process of gamblers to the novelty of casino establishment in long-run.
Casino gambling is one of the popular forms of gambling among problem gamblers Black and Moyer ; Fong and Ozorio ; Wong and Soparticularly for men Blanco et al. It has been shown to be associated with a high risk of problem gambling Welte, Wieczorek et al. High frequency of problem gambling among casino patrons is reported in Canada, United Kingdom and United States Fisher, ; Fong et al.Feb 12, · In Canada, problem gambling treatment is widely available through the public health care system, and two of the therapists at PGIO are experienced facilitators in mindfulness approaches. People with gambling problems often engage in negative behaviour to deal with anxiety, tension, and other stress-related feelings (see Jacobs, ; Turner, Jain, Spence and Zangeneh ; Turner Cited by: Feb 20, · Internet gambling surely contributes to problem gambling, and is a significant confounding variable to casino proximity for problem gambling. However, this factor has not been considered in the current analysis, as focus is made only in the relationship between casino proximity and problem afyg.mediagard.ru by: 7. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health (APJPH) is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes 8 issues per year and focuses on health issues in the Asia-Pacific Region.
Co-morbidities in pathological casino gambling are common: alcohol addiction, tobacco addiction Blanco et al. In this analysis, although the findings are inconsistent, the majority of reports identified in this report, i. Given that problem gambling is associated with a wide range of negative health, social and environmental consequences, one should never take the potential control measures lightly. By decreasing casino proximity, it may reduce problem gambling among the local residents who live away from the area.
In Macao SAR, China, there is now an opportunity to study the public health approach in reducing casino proximity among local residents.
Compared with random spatial distribution of casinos, casinos clustering within a designated area in the region of aisan would reduce gambling proximity among local residents.
Although issues articles describing the relationship between casino proximity and journal gambling in Macao are identified in this analysis, indirect evidences do exist in the and cross-sectional studies carried out by Institute for the Study of Commercial Gaming, University of Macau before and after the era of gambling liberalization.
The prevalence health of pathological gambling and problem gambling were found to be 1. Simultaneously, the gaming liberalization in Macao ans between andand the number of casinos in, and are 1, 17 and 34 respectively. Given that Macao is a small city, with an area of only The major limitation of this study is the fact that there are many determinants and confounding variables in problem gambling, other asian casino proximity.
Firstly, as alluded to earlier sections, there are other casino accessibility dimensions besides casino proximity. Will the accessibility dimensions overlap with each other? Other casino accessibility dimensions may be the confounding variables to casino proximity in this study.
Secondly, as summarized in Table 1 — Table 2there are only twelve studies included for analysis in this study. The paucity of data makes systematic review asian, and conflicting evidences further exacerbate the difficulty in drawing gambling conclusion therein. Thirdly, it is expected that the definition of casino proximity varies from regions to regions, and from and to countries.
Fourthly, problem gambling can be a public health problem even if the region is without any casinos, i. With the advent of gambling technology, internet gambling becomes increasingly popular worldwide, journal to problem gambling behavior Peller et al.
Internet gambling surely contributes to problem gambling, and is a significant confounding variable public casino proximity for problem gambling. However, this factor has not been considered in public current analysis, as focus is made only in the relationship between casino proximity and asian gambling. During the review process, a number of knowledge gaps are identified, suitable for future researches in the area for better formulation of public issues policy.
No data are available in Asian countries in the potential relationship between casino proximity health problem gambling. Although some findings in this gambling may be generalized, most results can probably not because of health substantial differences in political system, social structures, and cultural norms across the issues world, particularly in Asian countries.
Given that Macao is only a tiny city, with and area of A more refined scale in casino proximity, which is applicable to most places in the world, including Asian countries, would be desirable. journal
Here is a suggestion for the possible more refined scale in casino proximity:. Of course, the scale needs to be further issues in gambling studies for its public usefulness in estimating casino proximity. This study summarizes the relationship between casino proximity and problem gambling. All findings retrieved come from North America.
Data from cross-sectional studies are inconsistent, with 5 reports documenting positive correlations between casino proximity and problem gambling, while 3 reports rejecting the positive correlations among adult population. Data from longitudinal journal are also inconsistent, with 2 reports confirming the influence of increased casino proximity and new casino establishment on increased prevalence of problem gambling within 1-year of casino establishment in Niagara Falls and Hull area, Canada, while 1 report rejecting the influence in Windsor, Canada.
Although there are some evidences supporting the potential relationship between casino proximity and problem gambling, gamblinf remains to be confirmed, and established until more data are available in the area, particularly in Asian countries. Journal of Gambling Issues9— Canadian Journal of Psychiatry55 1 — Washington D.
Black DW, Moyer T: Clinical features and psychiatric comorbidity of subjects pubkic pathological health behavior. Psychiatric Services49 11 — Psychological Medicine36 7 — Adelaide: Independent Gambling Asian